Methamphetamine is a strong, highly addictive stimulant that affects the central nervous system. It is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting crystalline powder that easily dissolves in water. Addiction is repeated use despite psychosocial and physical consequences.
Methamphetamine is known as meth, crystal meth, crystal, and ice.
Large amounts of methamphetamine easily get into the brain, making it very potent. Methamphetamine use causes increased activity and talkativeness and decreases appetite.
Abuse is often associated with risky sexual behavior. Meth and other stimulant drugs tend to increase libido. Ironically, long-term methamphetamine abuse, especially in men, is often associated with decreased sexual function.
Signs of Methamphetamine Addiction
Symptoms of addiction include increased activity and talkativeness, with reduced sleep.
A person on methamphetamine can be identified by looking at their eyes. Their eyes will jerk back and forth while they look out of the corner of their eyes (known as nystagmus).
Other signs of an addict include anxiousness, nervousness, ceaseless talking, moodiness, and irritability.
An addict also shows repetitive behaviors. These include skin picking, pulling out their hair, sleep disturbances, overconfidence, violent aggressive behavior, disinterest, and severe depression.
A chronic abuser is often under-nourished with a sickly appearance, poor hygiene, and bad teeth. They are often violent and suffering from immediate mood swings. Behavior can go from nice to cruel in seconds.
Large amounts of methamphetamine easily get into the brain, making it a very potent. Methamphetamine abuse is often associated with risky sexual behavior because it and other stimulant drugs tend to increase libido. Ironically, long-term methamphetamine abuse, especially in men, is often associated with a decreased sexual function.
The only sign of crystal meth overdose is an abnormally high temperature. If you take a lethal dose of crystal methamphetamine, your heart rate will increase rapidly, leading to a heart attack or stroke.
Methamphetamine intoxicates by creating a high buildup of dopamine in the synapse cleft. This gives the user high levels of pleasure along with an intense drug craving.
This drug tends to be highly addictive partially due to the speed with which it enters the brain. Methamphetamine also stimulates the production of dopamine, producing a good-feeling high.
However, constant use builds up a tolerance, meaning methamphetamine abusers require more of the drug to get the same effect.
How to Treat Methamphetamine Addiction
Prolonged detoxification is usually necessary in order to make an accurate diagnosis.
Most methamphetamine abusers also suffer from other mental health conditions. This makes treatment very complex and requires a personal program for each patient.
This leads to misdiagnosis of meth addicts. Treatment providers must determine if the current mental health issue is drug-induced. If so, the severity and duration of the damage must be assessed.
Scientific Terms & Definitions
Amphetamine (C9H13N) is a Central Nervous System stimulant and appetite suppressant.
Methamphetamine (C10H15N) is an extremely addictive stimulant drug that is chemically similar to amphetamine.
Methamphetamine Addiction is tenacious and compulsive seeking or using of methamphetamine despite harmful consequences.
The Synapse Cleft is the microscopic space, approximately 10-20 nm wide, neurotransmitters transmit nerve impulses such as dopamine, that separate the presynaptic neuron (axon) and the postsynaptic cell (dendrite).