Cocaine is a highly addictive chemical substance that produces euphoria and increases energy. The majority of men and women who abuse cocaine, smoke crack and are likely to use more than one drug. The widespread abuse of cocaine has forced many places to develop treatment programs specifically for cocaine addiction. Cocaine produces its psychoactive and addictive effects by acting on the brain’s limbic system. This produces a cocaine high by creating a buildup of dopamine, which causes euphoria and an intense drug craving. Habitual cocaine addiction is the body building up a tolerance to the drug as well as the increased dopamine; and, over time, the addict must use larger amounts to achieve the same intensity and effect.
Treatment: Cocaine addiction treatment includes multiple treatment strategies assessing the neurobiological, social, and medical aspects of the patient. Patients often have a variety of addictions and have other co-occurring mental disorders that require additional behavioral or pharmacological interventions.